The 10 Key Challenges are ImROC’s Organisational Development design blueprint. They are evidence based and the areas of work that ImROC Consultants explore in supporting the development of Recovery Focused Practice


Coproduced Learning

Coproduced learning and development opportunities, available for staff, people using services and their families to learn together


Developing Recovery Colleges

Coproduced Recovery focused learning opportunities are available in physical and virtual Recovery Colleges where people with mental health conditions, the staff and families who support them and others in local communities can share expertise and learn together

The Recovery College Brochure

A Personal Health and Wellbeing Plan for Family, Friends and Carers

Whitley R, Shepherd G, Slade M (2019) Recovery Colleges as a mental
health innovation, World Psychiatry, 18, 141-142.

Crowther A, Taylor A, Toney R, Meddings S, Whale T, Jennings H, Pollock
K, Bates P, Henderson C, Waring J, Slade M (2019) The impact of Recovery Colleges on mental health staff, services and society, Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 28, 481-488


Recovery focused leadership and changing the culture

Recovery focused leadership at every level and a culture of Recovery in place

Team Recovery Implementation Plan

Implementing Recovery: A Methodology for Organisational Change

Making Recovery a Reality

Implementing Recovery: A New Framework for Organisational Change

Coproduction and leadership (Repper R & Eve J.D.) link to follow

Vacher, G. (2017) Utilising Team Recovery Implementation Plan (TRIP): embedding recovery-focused practice in rehabilitation service. MHSI Vol 21, Issue 4. ISSN: 2042-8308

Waddingham, R. (2021) Lived Experience Leadership – Mapping the Lived
Experience Landscape in Mental Health. London: NSUN

Sonia Bussu & Maria Tullia Galanti (2018) Facilitating coproduction: the
role of leadership in coproduction initiatives in the UK, Policy and
Society, 37:3, 347-367, DOI: 10.1080/14494035.2018.1414355

W. H. Voorberg, V. J. J. M. Bekkers & L. G. Tummers (2015) A Systematic Review of Co-Creation and Co-Production: Embarking on the social innovation
journey, Public Management Review, 17:9, 1333-
1357, DOI: 10.1080/14719037.2014.930505


Personalisation and Choice

Increasing personalisation and choice

Boardman, J. and Dave, S. (2020) Person-centred care and psychiatry: some key perspectives. 2, London : BJPsych International, 2020, Vol. 17.


Reducing Restrictive Practice

Changing conceptions of risk as something to be avoided towards working together to improve personal safety


From involvement to coproduction

User Involvement is replaced by fully resourced coproduction so that the views, experiences and aspirations of people using services and their family members are accorded the same value as the views of staff in the organisation
(guerriilla guide to coproduction, 2021)

W. H. Voorberg, V. J. J. M. Bekkers & L. G. Tummers (2015) A Systematic Review of Co-Creation and Co-Production: Embarking on the social innovation
journey, Public Management Review, 17:9, 1333-1357, DOI: 10.1080/14719037.2014.930505


Transforming the Workforce

Maximising the value of lived experience including the widespread development of the Peer Support Workforce

Marks,J., Foster,R., Gibson,S., Simpson, A et al (2021) Development of a peer support intervention to improve the experience and outcomes of discharge from inpatient mental health care: the role of experiential knowledge in a coproduced approach. BMC Research Notes Gillard, S.Peer support in mental health services: where is the research taking us, and do we want to go there?,Journal of Mental Health,1080/09638237.2019.1608935

Voronka, J. (2017) Voronka, Jijian (2017) Turning Mad Knowledge into Affective Labor: The Case of the Peer Support Worker. American Quarterly, Volume 69, Number 2, pp. 333-338.

Faulkner, A. (2021) PRINCIPLED WAYS OF WORKING: PEER SUPPORT IN SUSSEX Learning from a local partnership London: NSUN

MacNeil, C. and Mead S (2005), A Narrative Approach to Developing Standards for Trauma-Informed Peer Support, American Journal of Evaluation

Mead S. and Filson, B. Becoming part of each other’s narratives: Intentional Peer Support, In J. Russo & A. Sweeney (Eds.), Searching for a rose garden: Challenging psychiatry, fostering mad studies. PCCS Books.

Mead, S., & MacNeil, C. (2006). Peer support: What makes it unique? International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 10(2),

Penney, D (2018) Defining “Peer Support”: Implications for Policy, Practice, and Research, Advocates for Human Potential US AHPNetMediaLibrary/White%20Papers/DPenney_Defining_peer_support_2018_Final.pdf

Penney, D., & Prescott, L. (2016). The co-optation of survivor knowledge: The danger of substituted values and voice.In J. Russo & A. Sweeney (Eds.), Searching for a rose garden: Challenging psychiatry, fostering mad studies (p. 35–45). PCCS Books.


Staff Wellbeing

Supporting staff to cope effectively with the stressors that are inevitable in working in mental health services


Supporting people to achieve their life goals

Prioritisation of life goals supporting community engagement and development

Kretzman, J.P., and McKnight, J.L. (1993) Building Communities from the Inside Out: A Path Toward Finding and Mobilizing a Community’s Assets . Center for Urban Affairs and Policy Research, Northwestern University.

Communities and health | The King’s Fund (
Asset_Based_Community_Development.pdf (